Sports and blood pressure: hypotension

Hypotension, or arterial hypotension, is characterized by constant blood pressure below 90/60 mm Hg. Art. This pathology occurs due to a decreased vascular tone. Hypotonic people quickly get tired, feel weak, sleepy, short of breath. Often they are tormented by headaches and dizziness, fainting is possible.

How sports can help

People with low blood pressure must be involved in sports.

It is physical activity that will help keep blood vessels in good shape.

Regular exercise activates blood circulation, which means that the nutrition of all organs will increase.

The heart will start to work more efficiently.

The amplitude of fluctuations in blood pressure will decrease.

All this will help improve health, increase efficiency and endurance, remove unpleasant symptoms of hypotension, or greatly reduce their manifestation.

Do’s and Don’ts

Special complexes for hypotonic patients, which are part of the system of physiotherapy exercises, are very useful. The exercises in them are selected in such a way as to have the maximum effect under reduced pressure.

Running helps to normalize low blood pressure. Only you need to run at a slow and moderate pace, not trying to set records, and interspersed with running with brisk walking. Nordic walking is also fine.

Swimming is a universal sport that is accessible and useful to almost everyone, including those with hypotonicity.

Cycling is great for building endurance and stimulating blood circulation. While cycling, you can dose the load depending on your condition: riding on a flat highway, along forest paths, climbing uphill.

Yoga classes will be helpful.

If you choose aerobics, then it must be borne in mind that exercises at a fast pace are not suitable for hypotonic patients. You should abandon exercises in which you need to sharply change the position of the body: bend, twist, etc.

Strength training should be handled with caution.

Do no harm

You should stop exercising if you feel unwell.

Monitor your blood pressure and pulse. If the pressure drops after exercise, you need to reduce the intensity of your workouts.

Before the main session, do a small warm-up for all muscles.

People with low blood pressure are better off exercising in the evening. If morning exercises are more suitable for you, then they should be planned 2-3 hours after sleep. And right after waking up, lying in bed, it is advisable to do a little gymnastics: stretching, raising and lowering arms and legs, “bicycle” at a slow pace.

It is recommended to leave leg exercises for the end of the workout.

To avoid dizziness, you can eat something sweet before class.

Don’t forget about water. During the lesson, water should be drunk several times in small sips. You can also use sweetened water.

Before starting classes, you should visit a doctor and consult about the chosen sport. In the future, you must follow all his recommendations.

The main thing is to start practicing with small loads, gradually increasing their intensity and duration. In order for the classes to be useful, they must be performed regularly.

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