For professionals, diagnosing anorexia nervosa is not such a difficult task. However, convincing a patient of the need for treatment can be problematic. Counseling as well as medication is the first thing to do. There are no laboratory tests for anorexia nervosa. With this disease, a fairly large weight loss occurs, which is the first sign of the onset of the disease. Most often, anorexia manifests itself in adolescence.
Another criterion is hormonal disorders. They can take many forms and variations, which makes the body suffer greatly. Young girls with anorexia may notice the cessation of menstruation – amenorrhea. This is the third criterion that helps to make a correct diagnosis.
Some develop scurvy due to vitamin deficiency. In men, hormonal disorders can also be observed: a decrease in the frequency of ejaculations, as well as an inability to erect. Another criterion is the constant desire to stick to a low-calorie diet, which over time becomes an obsession. It is worth noting that patients are afraid of even a slight increase in weight, which can be attributed to the fourth criterion for detecting anorexia. Being very low in body weight leads to serious disruptions in the functioning of the brain.
How Do Doctors Make Achievement?
The healing process can be incredibly difficult and difficult. The patient is asked to start gaining body weight. Only after that do they begin psychotherapy. Anorexia patients are taught more flexible thinking, they try to raise their self-esteem, which in the future allows them to build more joyful and productive relationships with their environment and loved ones. In some cases, a reward system is used to stimulate recovery. Those who have recovered from anorexia should adhere to a special diet in order not to return to their illness.
Weight gain can also help restore fertility. Very often, patients are given a drug called fluoxetine. It is an antidepressant. This medication helps control serotonin levels. This hormone is responsible for mood. If the patient is diagnosed with severe anorexia nervosa, intravenous fluids are given to balance homeostasis. The solutions used are most often rich in fats, vitamins and minerals. This allows you to quickly bring the body back to normal.
It is also worth taking care of the problem of socialization. As a rule, people suffering from anorexia often withdraw into themselves and do not know how to express their true feelings at all. They suppress themselves and their desires or consider themselves hostage to circumstances. Therefore, they simply need sessions of not only personal, but also group psychotherapy. This will help you quickly adapt to society and lead a healthy, fulfilling life, find work and friends.