Bruxism mouth guard – when is it used and how effective is the device in treating teeth grinding

A mouth guard for bruxism is an effective remedy that fights against the clamping of the jaw muscles, helps to reduce pain and reduce teeth grinding. It also prevents the development of complications and purulent pathologies.

Bruxism is an involuntary contraction of the masticatory muscles that is not associated with chewing or speaking. Compression of teeth in this pathology is accompanied by changes in the physiological state of the lower jaw.

Description and clinical picture

Bruxism is a dangerous disease that covers almost all parts of the body, provoking the development of disorders of the dentoalveolar apparatus. It can erase the hard tissues of the teeth, increase their sensitivity, and affect the work of the temporomandibular joint. At the same time, people suffering from this pathology complain of chronic pain in the teeth and bleeding gums.

Recently, a mouth guard against bruxism has begun to be actively used in medical practice , it allows you to protect the dentition, prevent their erasure and destruction.

Bruxism is a disease, the development of which is associated with a variety of somatic disorders, psychological overstrain. According to statistics, about 20% of the mature population suffer from this problem. The first symptoms can occur as early as childhood and persist until maturity. However, as we grow older, there is a decrease in the number of diagnoses of this disease. Treatment of the disease is built by a specialist on the basis of the patient’s individual indicators, any medical intervention is carried out taking into account possible risks.  

Among the factors influencing the development of bruxism :

  • psychosocial;
  • psychopathological;
  • occlusion disorders;
  • congenital anomalies.

Among psychopathological factors, bad habits, heredity, mental and chronic diseases play a special role.


The diagnosis of ” bruxism ” can be made by a doctor only after a comprehensive examination and clinical research, taking an anamnesis. The specialist pays attention to the following aspects:

  • behavioral characteristics of the patient;
  • the degree of wear and tear and destruction of the dentition, the presence of cracks and chips;
  • features of teeth bite;
  • the condition of the jaw muscles.

Based on the data obtained during the examination, the doctor draws up a correct treatment program, selects an effective therapy. Treatment takes place in 3 stages:

  • the first stage is the correction of the patient’s behavioral characteristics;
  • the second stage is pharmacological action, selection of medicines;
  • the third stage is dental treatment.

Dental treatment involves the manufacture of mouth guards, taking into account the individual characteristics and indicators of the patient. These devices simultaneously prevent the development of complications and help prevent deformities.

Treatment features

The first step in the treatment of the disease is relaxation of the jaw muscles, which relieves clogged pathological reflexes. This method is based on the use of mouth guards for bruxism . These orthopedic devices increase the height of the bite, suggesting its subsequent decrease (at the end of the treatment, the level of bite that the patient had initially is achieved).

The main function of the mouthguard is to protect the dentition or orthopedic structures, to prevent their erasure and destruction. Consequently, the adaptation is not an instrument of direct treatment, but acts as a defense mechanism. 

Among the properties of caps:

  1. Reducing pain (there is a partial blocking of involuntary contractions of the jaw muscles, due to which relaxation, local anesthesia is achieved).
  2. Normalization of sleep (night trays for bruxism reduce the number of attacks, making a person’s sleep restful).
  3. Protection of dental structures ( braces or false jaws can break during attacks of bruxism , the mouthguard prevents such consequences).

The mouth guard against bruxism not only protects the teeth, but also reduces the risk of developing purulent and infectious complications, damage to soft tissues.

Purchase and storage

Dental aligners are manufactured on an industrial scale. You can order them both in the clinic according to individual measurements and in the pharmacy. Serial models of orthopedic devices do not have a tight fit to the teeth, they are made in a smooth version of the splint. They are used to eliminate minor defects.

The care and storage of the orthopedic device is not difficult. The disinfection procedure is carried out regularly and in a timely manner by immersing the trays in special solutions. It is also recommended to remove them periodically, immediately putting them in a special plastic container.

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