No one likes to get sick, and some simply cannot afford it and endure illnesses on their feet – flu, colds, etc. In case of injuries, they strive to recover faster and try to “walk around” before the doctor allows it. But there are ailments in which the body simply refuses to listen to the brain, or even acts as a real traitor.
Cataplexy : when the body freezes and does not obey?
The heroes of the famous cartoon, in which an inadequate squirrel chased an acorn, was a couple of meerkats . If any low- Malskaya danger, they pretended to be dead. Something similar happens to those with cataplexy . Moreover, such people can lose the ability to move both under certain circumstances, for example, with strong laughter, and for no particular reason. Faint with laughter? “Are you joking!” – someone will say, but the sick are not laughing. Not only do they lose muscle tone from time to time, but they also sleep badly, every now and then they wake up, suffer from nightmares and visions.
This is a symptom of an illness of the nervous system – narcolepsy, which cannot be cured once and for all. Most often, the disease affects male young people with the appropriate heredity. Anything can be a provoking factor, from a viral infection to an injury. Narcolepsy is characterized by a chronic course, but with age, the intensity of the disease decreases. Another good news is that it does not affect intelligence.
Hemianopsia: what are the symptoms of this disease?
Nearsightedness, hyperopia, cataracts – most people are familiar with these diseases, if not personally, then noddingly, but not everyone has heard of hemianopsia. A rare condition that causes bilateral blindness in half of the visual field. That is, a person receives only 50% of visual information, and does not complain about the clarity and quality of visual function. The right or left, upper or lower half of the picture may fall out of the patient’s field of vision. Of course, all this leaves an imprint on the quality of human life. He stumbles, does not see where he is going, runs into people and objects and can easily become the site of an accident or an accident.
This pathology can be either congenital or acquired due to damage to the structures of the brain. Most often, a congenital disease is accompanied by other ailments of the central nervous system, but the acquired one is the result of stroke, benign and malignant neoplasms, brain abscess, meningitis, etc. At the same time, there is no such treatment that would be able to completely eliminate unwanted symptoms.
Complex regional pain syndrome
Many have had cases in their lives when they described their condition with one phrase “everything hurts me.” But this cannot be compared with the sensations experienced by those suffering from complex regional pain syndrome. At the same time, the body not only does not obey its master, it literally tests him for strength. The person experiences pain that is not commensurate with the injury. The trigger for the development of this pathology is trauma – a fracture, bruise or dislocation, but only 26 out of 100 thousand people develop a complex regional pain syndrome.
At risk are people suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system and gastrointestinal tract, the elderly, as well as those who are regularly exposed to stress. Any, even the lightest touch to the affected limb causes pain, and the stronger the impact, the brighter the unpleasant sensations. Treatment of the disease is long and complex, involving the use of appropriate medications, blockades, physiotherapy, cryotherapy, etc. Psychotherapists also help the patient.
Aphasia – a disease that deprives a person of speech
Yes, this is such an insidious disease that does not disrupt the motor function of the whole body, but only a separate part of it, which is responsible for speech. As a result, a person with normal hearing, intelligence, memory and other functions loses the ability to speak. One of the forms of aphasia – Broca ‘s aphasia is named after the doctor who first described it in 1861. He had to deal with such a disease in a completely ordinary person who could count, learn new skills, determine the time and experience well-known emotions, but he could only speak his name.
After the patient’s death, Brock examined his brain and found damage in it. The place where the degenerative changes were detected was called ” Broca ‘s center “. However, there are many other types of aphasia. For example, with Wernicke’s aphasia, the patient loses the ability to understand the sound component of speech, and with amnestic aphasia, a person cannot name an object, although he knows what it is intended for and what its functions are. For obvious reasons, aphasians cannot boast of a rich vocabulary. They avoid adjectives and adverbs in their speech, prefer to do without florid phrases, and proverbs and sayings are completely absent in their arsenal.
The syndrome of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and guttaperchivy boy
Many remember the tragic story of a gutta-percha boy, but those suffering from Ehlers-Danlos syndrome are faced with abnormal plasticity of their bodies every second. They do not need to press their thumb against the wrist or bend it in the opposite direction. However, such a hereditary mutation does not bring any benefit or pleasure to a person. On the contrary, he suffers greatly from hypermobility of his joints and more often ordinary people are faced with various injuries – dislocations, fractures, sprains, rupture of soft tissues.
The disease is diagnosed in one person in 10-15 thousand. This applies to the most common type – hypermobility . Such people also have other characteristic symptoms – flat feet, narrow and high palate, smooth, velvety skin that is easily damaged. The syndrome of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is inherited, and the treatment that could save people from all hypermobility , no. You can only make the existence of such people easier and mitigate the negative consequences. Thus, sometimes manifestations of hyperplasticity not detected by doctors are mistaken for the result of child abuse.